ԡ

   ջԡ (ѧ: Americas) 繤¡ ¶֧駷ջԡ˹зջԡѹ ѭҤѺʹѧɢͧ "America" ( s) Ҩ¶֧ԡ˹ 㹺ҧ駼¡ѧҨ¶֧ȪѰԡҴ
ջԡ繴Թᴹҧѹͧ͡طừԿԡ зҧѹͧط͵Źԡ Ҩ 3 ǹ ԡ˹ ԡҡҧ ԡ. "ԡ" 㹷ѧ֧Ժ¹ СչŹ (ͫŹ) dzͤʹͧԡҡҧѡ١Ѻԡ˹
"ԡ" շҷشöѡҹ .. 2050 ¹ѡ¹Ἱѹ Martin Waldseemüller America ŧἹšͧ ͸ԺҪ͹ҨҡеԹͧѡǨ ʻت (Amerigo Vespucci) ¹еԹ Americus Vespuciusŧ˭ԧ繤 America (ҷҧеԹ ջѴ˭ԧ) ǹ 繼龺ջԡ繤á ªԵ͹ .. 2049 ·ѧҤ鹾ջºdzԹ 㹤繨ԧǼ辺ԡ繤áͪǡ Leif Ericsons

Ἱԡ

ҵԡ

ʶҹͧԡ

Ѱԡ繻˹觷ʶҹͧǷ§ҡȷ˹ ؤ¹͡ȹǡѹ աѧ繻ȷդԭ˹ҷҧ෤յҧ ҡ ѧҧʶҹͧ㹻Ѱԡҹҡ ҡ¡ҧʶҹͧǷ餹仡ѹ

1. ӵͧ Ѱԡ ᤹Ҵ

   ʶҹ dzҺ 5 ҧѰԡ ᤹Ҵ
ӵͧ觷ͧǷʹš 觷ԹѺ᤹ҴѰԡһ˹ Ѻӹǹ ʶҹ觹·ҧҧҼ餹 ҨĴ˹Ĵ㴡 ҾͧӵͧҷŧҺ͹ 繼׹ӢҴ˭觹ʧ蹴ԹҧѰԡ Ѵҷѡɳٻ͡ҢҴ˭ѺҾͧ ʹӷ觷ѡŧҡ˹Ҽ٧ǡҧ

ӵͧ
⨹ŧͧҧ çз赡ŧ 觼ԴͧҴ价Ǻdz ͡зѺʧᴴҴͧҹ鹨лҡҾͧ駡Թ дѺdzӵʹ ǹҢͧӵçش¡ѹ "᤹¹" ǹdz鹢ͧӵǹҧŧ 觡繺dz繪鹹ӵ ŧ仡зҧ дѺǢҹѹѺ鹺ժ¡ "ԡѹ "

2. оҹഹࡵ ҹҹ Ѱԡ
   ʶҹ ͧҹҹ Ѱԡ

оҹഹࡵ
оҹǹդҡشš ʹǷҧ͹˹ ͧͧҹҹ ҧẺçǹ оҹǹСͺͤͧҧҧ 215 ( 746 ص) Ǵŷ§ʹ繵Ǵ֧˹ѡоҹբҴ 鹼ٹҧ 36 ҧ 2 4 107,000 ѧǴ ִ§ա 27,572 ժǧҧҧ 1.26 ǹ 2 ҡ Ǣҧ 34 Ƿҳ 7
оҹഹࡵ
ǹҧ 27 оҹẺоҹǹҴ˭ ҡشоҹáؤ 繷ȨͧҹҪо觹ѡ Ẻҧ㹡͡ẺҧоҹǹẺ˭ҡա͡ʵ

3. ֡൵ Ѱԡ
   ʶҹ ѵѹ ͧ Ѱԡ
֡൵ ԰㹡ҧ 10 ҹ͹ ٧ 375 ֡ŧԹ ҡдѺա 10 102 ʹش٧ա 60 èҡҧ֧鹷 86 çҧ Դʹ Դ繹˹ѡ 730 ѹ ˹ҵҧ 6,500 ҹ ؤ 80,000 Ҥ ѺСѹ 6,000 պѷ Դӡ 600 Һѷ Կŧ 65 ͧ ҧ 1 Ҥ .. 2472 (..1929) ҧ 1 Ҥ .. 2480 (.. 1937)
֡൵

͹ѡ 4. ͹ѡ Ѱԡ
   ʶҹ Ѱԡ
͹ ӹ ͹ҧ͡ʹ ͻͧѹطĴ˹ ͡êŻзҹࢵ ʧǹѹ ͼԵѧ俿ա ͹ 繤͹յ Ƿӹ٧ 218 ҹҧҧҧ 198 ѹӹҧҧ 13.5 385 ͹յ ੾ҧǷӹ 3,250,000 ١ȡ ǹ ա 4,400,000 ١ȡ ͧԴ俿 ҡӵ 17 ͧ ѧ俿 1,835,000 ѵ ͨСҧǨ֧ 20 .. 2447-2467
(.. 1904-1924) ҧ .. 2472 (..1929) 1 չҤ .. 2479 (.. 1936) ͻԴ͹ ˹͹Դ繷ҺǵӶ֧ 115 պdz 225 ҧ ¡ͷҺ Һ ͧ͢ ͸Ժաÿ鹿ٷԹͧ Ѱԡ¹ ͹ 駪͵ͧ иҹҸԺ ŧ ... ᤹͹ ҧ͹  ԧ͹բҴ˭ⵡ͹·¡ͧ ͹觡ҧ ѹȨáҪиҵѹçͧӷ Сáѡ纹Դ繷Һ ҧ˭蹹ҡ͹

͹෾Ҿ 5. ͹෾Ҿ Ѱԡ
   ʶҹ ù Ѱԡ
͹෾Ҿ ٻᵷͿ ͹ѭѡɳ "Ҿ" ͧԡѹ ٻʵ׹٧躹蹷ç٧躹ҹҧ 3 ͧѺ׹ҧ Ŵ蹡ѹŧͧҧ ෾٧ 152 ص ᢹТҧ 42 ص Ǫ 8 ص 纹 10-13 ׹躹ҹ٧ 150 ص ǹӵǷӴ·ͧᴧ Ҥ¡ دᩡ ͢Ҷ俪٧شᢹ ͫ»Фͧ˹ѧͷ軡¹ "4 áҤ 1776" ѹѹСҾͧԡ 鹵ѧաжѹҵԡѹҨءѹ ҹ㹵෾ç硷͡ẺФӹdz¹¡ʵҿ ǡêʹѧ (ҧ) ¡繪ǹèѧ֧ 214 ѧ ͹ҵٻҧ٧֧ 302 ص (Ѵҡ¤俶֧) зͧᴧ
㹡 32 ѹ Ƿ駵෾ ҹǹ俵Դкʧ俿 13,250 ѵ պѹ¹Ҫ仪ǷǷȹ캹ǹخͧ෾ 鹤 700,000 ͻҳ 14,000,000 ҷ 躹 Ҵͷ 12 ( 30 ) ӷҧԹҴ˭ҧҹѧͧ͹ շҧԹͺءѡͧöҪ֧د 鹶֧ҹӡҢͧͧ͹

ù᤹͹ 6. ù᤹͹ Ѱԡ
   ʶҹ Ѱ⫹ Ѱԡ
ù᤹͹繤Ȩ ҧҵԷ˭˹觢ͧš١Ѵ˹͹ѡʶҹ ͧšµҾʵСŧԢͧ˻ЪҪҵ Ǩʶҹ觹 ͻ ..1776 ǡѺԡһС͡Ҫҡѧ żҹ㹻 .1857 Ũҡ˹Һзҧҳ 200 Grand Canyon ١Ѵ ǹطҹ觪ҵԢͧѰ ù᤹͹ԴԷԾŢͧ
żҹҺ٧Դ֡͹ ѧ¢ͧԹ 225 ҹ ҾӸŤ Һҧ˭ дѺǡѺӷ Ҿš¡٧ ѹͧҨҡçѹ ͹ѹ šԴ¹ٻ С͡ҡҧ˭ ¡ ͧ蹴ԹҧӸ żҹҴѹзçҡ ѴҷеС͹仵 ԴáѴ֡ŧ价й͡š Ѵҡͺŧ仡غǡ 1 ( ҳ 1,600 ) Ҩ֡ͧ ͧ˹Ңͧ͡š ԴԹùԵ ԹẺҧ 鹴Թ Թ¶١ Ѵ ͧ֡ѺѺ͹ҹѺҹ ᤹͹Ҿǧͧ ҡŢͧԹҡ ͹繫ԷԾͺҹ
ҧѹͧ ѡɳФҹѺʹ繷ǹ˹ ͧù᤹͹ Ƕ֧ 150-200 dz繨شѡͧʹ ҡشش˹ 觡礧зȹҾšҢͧ֡ͧغѡɳТͧ ӷٻҧç ŧԴҡҷѺҡ ҹա͹ͧ
dz˹ҼҢͧù ᤹͹ ԹҧҺè Ѻ"Թ" 繷駢ͧҺ "" ¨ش §繨ششͧù ᤹͹ҹ ѧ繨شӤѭҧóԷ˹ ҧշ駹Ҿҡȷšᵡҧҡҧҡ ºº ѺҺ٧ⴷҧѹ͡ 2 ش繨شᵡҧѹҧԧ Ҩ㹴ҹͧçҧ ʵ ͻѵʵ  㹷ҧͧ¹ 繷ҧҴŧ仡 3,000 ص ԴҡԹ·Ѵ Ҩҡ٧ᶺ繷駢ͧҺ٧ "͹" ҧ͡ 70 繷駢ͧͧ᤺ "Թ "ٻ "" ᤺ Сҧ 300 ص͡ҡâͧ¹ӡѧ¹ŧ仴 ҧѹչӵ ҧѹ 觢ѺӹǹͧС͹Ѵѹ
 ͡ҡ 㹺dz͡׺ͧغҹ˭ѧաä鹾ͧ¸ ͧԹ¹ ᴧҳ ѧ١ҹçԵẺ кҧǹѧ ù᤹͹ ֧ءѹ Թ¹ᴧ Hopis, Havasupais, Navajos, Hualapais, Paiutes, Pueblos 繵 ء ըդ仪Ȩͧù᤹͹ӡͧҹ

 
ŷ ʹ Ŵ 7. ŷ ʹ Ŵ
   ʶҹ ѰԴ Ѱԡ
ŷ ʹ Ŵ ѹ ѰԴ Ѱԡ ǹʹء˭شš 鹷֧ 30,000 駺ҳѲҶ֧ 400 ҹ ͹Ѻѡʹءá ѹ 1 Ҥ .. 1971
ԴԴǹʹء 鹡ѺĴ١ 仢ҧ㹨о ҷ෾· ѭѡɳ Թᴹҧ ʹǹŹ ¡ѺѴԺ¹ ͧͷͧҫҿ ͧʪ ö俴ǹ꡸ѹ͹
Ź Ŵԫ㹴ԹᴹȨ ҧԹ ͡ᨡ繷ΌҫŹ Թᴹ͹ҤŹ ǹʹءդҡشš ǴʹŹ ʶԵԹѡͧҡ֧ 17.80 ҹ ͻ վ鹷§ 114.2 ҹ


 

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